Best Practice Guidelines for Ground-spread Fertiliser in New Zealand
Section 8: Emergency Planning
Emergency planning must be part of all job planning. This includes identifying the hazards outlined on the SDS for all products and having a plan in the event of a spillage, contamination or injury to you or others. In addition there are a number of specific emergencies to consider.
Man alone policies
The company should have a communication system that allows regular contact between driver and base. There should be a reporting policy between driver and base when operating in remote areas - contact should be made at least every hour where practicable.
The owner of the property should be aware that a spreader is operating on the property and should know approximate arrival and departure times.
Towing disabled or stuck vehicles
Ensure that nobody is in the area between the machines.
Inspect all towing cables for damage before use. The cable must have a safe working load sufficient for the weight it will be required to handle.
Attach towing cables only to those points which are recommended by the manufacturer. Take up the slack slowly and do not jerk the cable. Keep the towing cable taut - sudden impact loading can snap the cable.
Before towing, check that brakes are available on the towed vehicle. Know what signals to use between operators. The signal person must be in a safe and visible position. Always keep towing speeds down, use caution and do not stop suddenly.
Depending on your location throughout the country, different environmental factors may be relevant. If for example, frost and ice are likely to occur, you must develop a plan to handle these. Trying to work out what to do after something has already happened may lead to inefficiencies, further harm, not having the correct tools and equipment to handle a situation. Your life or someone else's may be at stake.
Always carry a first aid kit and ensure that clean water is available at all times.